Essay on Cities: Short Essay on Origin of Cities

Paper on Urban areas: Short Exposition on Beginning of Urban areas!

Beginning of Refers to:
City is a human settlement, a prevailing trait of which is that not normal for a little local area, it isn’t independent. This is a fundamental quality of a wide range of urban communities – obsolete or present day. Occupants of urban communities can’t take care of themselves totally from the food created inside the limits of the city region.


With regards to old urban communities, this element had more prominent importance as the urban communities were generally walled and subsequently the term ‘altogether’ alludes to the food delivered exclusively inside the limit of the city. Today, with an extensive level of urbanization, the nature of independence holds no importance as not even towns, what to say of urban communities, are truly independent. As the economy propels, the level of independence is diminished and interde­pendence is expanded.

The historical backdrop of the beginning of urban communities might be followed back to the Neolithic time frame when human populace began moving from migrant hunting life to settle peaceful and agrarian town life. It is accepted that in this age some little size urban communities existed on the banks of the Mediterranean Ocean in the south-west district of Europe.

Kingsley Davis is of the view that urban areas should have origi­nated around 6000 to 5000 BC because of surplus farming creation expected for exchange. The earliest urban areas of Indian subcontinent, Harappa in Punjab and Mohenjodaro in Sind – existed in the Indus Valley around 2350 BC. These spots, as guaranteed by archeologists, present sufficient proof to demonstrate that there was a very evolved metropolitan lifestyle.

Mesopotamia of Greece and Patliputra and Kashi in India are among the couple of extremely old urban communities of the world. Numerous memorable and pre-notable urban communities, like Mohenjodaro, Harappa, Nalanda, Taxila and Vijaynagar, are tracked down today as remains. Different urban communities which endure today are Madurai, Patliputra, Kancheepuram, Varanasi, Delhi and so forth. The old urban areas were tiny in size restricting to walkable distance.


The Harappan civilization, which traces all the way back to 2350 BC, went on till 1700 BC. The period after this is obscure, taking everything into account. It is from 600 BC that the confirmations of the presence of towns and urban communities became evident and two significant human advancements – Aryan and Dravidian – appeared.

Urbanization, as we notice today, is firmly connected with industrialization. Both the cycles are reciprocal to one another. During the pre-modern time, urban areas existed however their development via in-relocation of rustic populace was negligible as well as controlled. The idea of urbanization, in this manner, doesn’t have any significant bearing a lot to the urban communities and their development, as they were, during that period.

The urban communities, during the pre-modern time, were extensively of three kinds:

  1. Political urban communities,


  1. Monetary urban areas and
  2. Social urban communities.
  3. Political Urban communities:
    Political urban communities were the capitals of realms. These urban communities were typically walled and occupied by the state-related staff, for example, priests and fighters and people with exceptionally unique gifts, for example, brokers, vocalists, artists, writers and intelligent people, gem dealers and financiers and so on. Section into the city was impractical without earlier the consent of the ruler, which could ordinarily be allowed exclusively to uncommonly gifted people.

Henri Pirenne calls such political urban communities ‘master’ type. Until the fourteenth 100 years, such urban communities existed in Europe which, as per Pirenne, was chiefly copmprised of clerics and various craftsmans to help them. B.F. Hoselitz composes that the ‘lord’ was a town of a local area comprising of managers, administrators, educators and understudies to which were added various craftsmans and workers for providing them completed labor and products.

  1. Monetary Urban communities:

As the name signifies, monetary urban areas predominantly carried out financial roles. Pirenne calls them ‘flemish’ kind of urban areas. These urban areas were business focuses, where farming produce, antiques, painstaking work material, non-horticultural articles and other completed buyer merchandise were exchanged.

Such urban communities were for the most part settled on the banks of streams, might be a result of the way that the vast majority of exchange was brought out through the water course. A portion of these old urban communities, due to their geo-political circumstance, could develop into large urban areas and others declined or vanished.

  1. Social Urban communities:
    The social urban communities appeared mostly for their educa­tional and strict importance. In India Patliputra, Kashi, Haridwar and Prayag are such urban communities. Most populace in these urban communities was drifting and, subsequently, these couldn’t be extended a lot. The super durable pioneers offered vital types of assistance to the explorers and instruction searchers.

B.F. Hoselitz separates the post-modern current urban areas into two kinds: generative and parasitic. However urban communities are answerable for both social change and monetary improvement on one hand and social complication and culpability on the other, the term ‘generative’ should be utilized with regards to financial devel­opment.

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